Risk Monitor 2024

A World of Disorder

The Risk Monitor by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Defence identifies and evaluates upcoming challenges at the global and European level, for the European Union, as well as risks specific to Austria. The aim of the Monitor is to inform about the general security situation and raise awareness of potential security risks.

Strategig Dependencies

Risks also arise from a lack of awareness of strategic dependencies. These are dependencies for products that are necessary to achieve Europe’s strategic goals, such as ecologically sustainable economic growth. These strategic dependencies include critical raw materials, i.e. those that are of great economic importance for the EU and Austria and at the same time have a high supply risk, such as cobalt, graphite, lithium, manganese, nickel or rare earth elements. A better understanding and monitoring of raw material supply chains is required in order to minimise supply risks.

Supply Risks

In terms of supply risks, ASCII Director Peter Klimek is highlighting the following key points:

  • It is extremely difficult to reliably predict the next major crisis. This makes it all the more necessary to understand and manage strategic dependencies in order to minimise risks.
  • Reducing supply risks requires a better understanding of how such risks are concentrated critical or strategic products for specific countries.
  • Europe’s ambitious goals with the Green Deal require a massive restructuring of existing value creation and production networks. This poses major challenges for the competitiveness of Austrian companies and regions.
  • New strategic dependencies in terms of raw materials cannot be avoided. However, there is an opportunity to make these “smarter” and more diversified from the outset in order to become more resilient overall.

NEWS

Since the COVID-19 pandemic, supply bottlenecks are no longer a novelty and current geopolitical conflicts and trade wars have exposed the vulnerability of supply chains to global and regional events. In order to better quantify and analyze supply bottlenecks, the Austrian Supply Chain Pressure Index (ASCPI) was developed at the Supply Chain Intelligence Institute Austria and presented at a press conference in Linz on June 5 as part of the Austrian Logistics Day.
The COVID-19 pandemic, existing geopolitical conflicts and trade wars have exposed the vulnerability of supply chains to global and regional shocks. ASCII researchers have developed the Austrian Supply Chain Index (ASCPI) to better quantify and analyze supply bottlenecks that affect the Austrian economy.
The semiconductor industry is a cornerstone in contemporary technological infrastructure. Embedded in a complex industrial ecosystem it is shaped by regional specialization, evolving, and globally distributed firm networks, and technological innovations. To illustrate the semiconductor value chain and the importance of Austria's industry in it, a team of ASCII scientists led by ASCII Director Peter Klimek analyzed the regional roles within the worldwide semiconductor value chain.